What is Perimenopause?
The level of estrogen, the main female hormone – in your body rises and falls irregularly during perimenopause. Your menstrual cycles can lengthen or shorten, and you can start having menstrual cycles, in which the ovaries do not release an egg (ovum). You may also experience symptoms similar to menopause, such as hot flashes, sleep problems and vaginal dryness. There are treatments to help alleviate these symptoms.
Once you have gone through 12 consecutive months without a menstrual period, you have officially reached menopause and the period of perimenopause.
Women from perimenopause different ages. You may notice signs of progression towards menopause, such as menstrual irregularity, at some point in your 40s. But some women notice changes as early as the mid-30s.
Throughout the transition to menopause, there are some subtle changes in your body and even not so subtle changes. You could have the following:
Irregular Menstrual Periods
Since ovulation becomes more unpredictable, the time that elapses between one period and another may be longer or shorter. In addition, the flow may be light or abundant, and it is possible that sometimes you do not have a menstrual period. If there is a persistent change of seven or more days in the duration of your menstrual cycle, you may be beginning perimenopause. If 60 or more days pass between one period and another, you are probably ending perimenopause.
Hot Flushes And Sleeping Problems
Hot flashes are common during perimenopause. Its intensity, duration and frequency usually vary. Sleeping problems are often due to hot flushes or night sweats, but sometimes sleep becomes unpredictable, even without them.
Mood Changes During Perimenopause
You may experience changes in mood, irritability or increased risk of depression. The cause of these symptoms could lie in the alterations associated with hot flashes. Mood changes can also be the result of factors unrelated to the hormonal changes of perimenopause.
Vaginal And Bladder Problems
When estrogen levels decrease, the vaginal tissues can lose lubrication and elasticity, which makes sexual intercourse painful. The low level of estrogen can also make you more vulnerable to vaginal infections. The loss of tissue tone (from tissues) can contribute to urinary incontinence.
Decrease In Fertility
As long as you have menstrual periods, it is still possible to conceive. If you want to avoid pregnancy, use contraception until you have menstruated for 12 months.
Changes In Sexual Function
During perimenopause, the urge and sexual desire can change. However, if your sexual intimacy had been satisfactory before menopause, it is likely to remain so during and after menopause transition.
With the decrease in estrogen levels, you begin to lose bone faster than you replace it, which increases the risk of osteoporosis (a disease that causes bones to become brittle).
Changes In Cholesterol Levels
Decreasing estrogen levels can cause unfavourable changes in blood cholesterol levels. One of these changes may be the increase in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL, the “bad” cholesterol), which contributes to an increased risk of developing heart disease. At the same time, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL, “good” cholesterol) decreases in many women as they age, which also increases the risk of heart disease.
How Long Does Menopause Last
It is the time of life of a woman in her periods (menstruation) ceases. In most cases, it is a normal and natural bodily change that almost always occurs between 45 and 55 years old. After menopause, a woman can not become pregnant.
What are the Symptoms of Menopause?
Symptoms vary from one woman to another and can last 5 or more years. They may be worse in some women than others. In the case of surgical menopause may be more severe and start more suddenly.
The first thing you may notice is that your periods start changing. They may occur more or less frequently. Some women may have their period every 3 weeks before they begin to be sauteed. You can have irregular periods for 1 to 3 years before they stop altogether.
Causes of Menopause
During menopause, a woman’s ovaries stop producing eggs. The body produces fewer female hormones estrogen and progesterone. Lower levels of these hormones cause the symptoms of menopause.
Periods occur less frequently and finally cease. Sometimes this happens suddenly, but almost always periods cease slowly over time. Menopause is complete when you have not had a period for 1 year. This is called postmenopause. Surgical menopause occurs when surgical treatments cause a decrease in estrogen. This can happen when the ovaries are removed.
Menopause can sometimes be caused by drugs used for chemotherapy or hormone therapy (HT) for breast cancer. Experts say that as a trend is a decrease in sexual desire in postmenopausal women. But most researchers the view that women with a well-made sex life reach the climacteric sexual fully preserving their activity irrespective of the effects that can cause deficiency prevails
Sexual Desire Of Women With Menopause
Estrogen, essential for vaginal lubrication, a situation that could cause discomfort in sexual intercourse, but easy to solve using certain types of lubricants and maintaining a good relationship.
Sexual Life In Menopause
Some sexologists believe that the climacteric, and later menopause, is a setting that takes nature to favour the last woman 50 years, when it does not meet the physical conditions to bring to a successful conclusion pregnancy and childbirth, a reproductive function which is removed leaving intact the other, including sexuality.
The Female Sexual Response Is Not Altered With The Passage Of Time
Despite the changes, the female sexual response is not altered with the passage of time, say sexologists. A climacteric woman reacts to sexual stimulation and your body changes and adapts to each stage of intercourse as does a young woman, including the ability to achieve orgasm with their characteristics contractions in the perianal area they can be shorter and less intense, but equally enjoyable.
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